Stroke affects 800,000 persons each year. Stroke is the fifth leading cause of death and the number one leading cause of permanent disability in the United States.
Anti-clotting medicines given within a short period of time after the onset of an ischemic stroke may halt the stroke's progress or actually reverse the symptoms to prevent the results of permanent disability or death.
Mobile Infirmary is one of a very few hospitals in the region to offer several new techniques of stroke treatment. For some patients, a small catheter can be inserted inside the brain to dissolve larger blood clots. For other patients, a balloon can be inserted to open blockages that can cause strokes.
The key to this drug therapy is seeking immediate medical treatment; therefore knowing the warning signs and symptoms of a stroke is critical. All treatment modalities for stroke are extremely time sensitive and it is very important to recognize the symptoms of stroke quickly are call 911 to ensure quick and safe arrival to an appropriate medical facility.
The following can occur on one or both sides of the face, arm, legs or body, usually a Sudden onset. Seek help immediately if you or someone around you experiences sudden:
- Numbness or tingling
- Loss of speech
- Dizziness or unsteadiness
- Loss of consciousness
- Weakness or paralysis
- Vision problems
- Severe and unexplained headache
- If you or someone you know is experiencing any one of these signs or symptoms call 911! Time loss, is brain loss.
Mobile Infirmary has earned The Joint Commission’s Gold Seal of Approval™ for certification as a Primary Stroke Center.
Mobile Infirmary's Stroke Center has earned the AHA/ASA Gold Plus and Target Stroke Achievement awards 2016.
Mobile Infirmary received the 2016 Women’s Choice Award® as one America’s Best Hospitals for Stroke Centers. This evidence-based designation is the only award that identifies the country’s best healthcare institutions based on robust criteria that consider female patient satisfaction, clinical excellence and what women say they want from a hospital.
The Stroke Center is accessible 24-hours-a-day and provides immediate access to a specially trained medical staff.
Stroke Center: 251-435-2911
Stroke Center Care Coordinator: 251-435-3034
Stoke Survivor and Caregiver Support Group: 3rd Monday of each month; 2 p.m.; ProHealth Fitness Center (located on the campus of Mobile Infirmary)
Non-Modifiable Risk Factors:
- Previous Stroke or TIA
- Previous Heart Attack
- High Blood Pressure
- Heart Disease
- Atrial Fibrillation
- Excessive Alcohol Use
- Lack of Physical Activity
- High Stress
- Cancer and treatment following diagnosis
Risk Factors Specific to Women:
- Use of Oral Contraceptives
- Hormone Replacement Therapy
If you have loved ones that may be at risk, take the time to talk to them about some of the things they can do to improve their health such and reduce their risks as:
- If you smoke, quit. There are various aids available if you are having a difficult time. The Alabama Department of Public Health is sponsoring a “Call It Quits” campaign are will supply a month of free nicotine patches if you participate in the program. It is free you can join by calling (1-800-784-8669) or on the internet @ alabamaquitnow.com and follow the instructions.
- Maintain a healthy weight. A normal Body Mass Index (BMI) is 24.9 or under and greater than 18. To find your BMI weigh then multiply your weight in pounds by 703 and divide by height in inches. Then divide again by your height in inches. Or there is a calculator on the internet @ heart.org/bmi and you add the information as it requests it.
- Exercise regularly. The American Heart Association/American Stroke Association suggest 2 hours and 30 minutes each week of moderate aerobic physical activity. Some activities that would be considered in this category are, brisk walking, jogging, running, basketball, rowing, swimming, soccer, biking, and tennis. If you haven’t been active in a while, it is suggested you start off slowly, about 10 minutes a day a first and build up.
- Eat a healthy diet. For a 2000 calorie per day diet, you would need to include:
cups of fruits and vegetables per day
2 (3.5 oz) servings of fish per week
3 (1 oz) servings of fiber-rich whole grains per day
Keep sodium to less than 1,500 mg per day or lower unless restricted further by your physician
Limit sugar-sweetened beverages to no more than 450 calories (36 oz) per week.
Also include (unsalted) nuts legumes (beans) and seeds in your diet. Avocadoes are a good source of vegetable fat that can raise your Good cholesterol (HDL). Limit processed meats and choose fat-free or low fat dairy products. Eat white meats such as chicken and turkey. Control your cholesterol. Always ask your physician for the breakdown of your cholesterol screening. You want your total cholesterol under 200. More important thought are the other values. Triglycerides need to be below 150, your HDL (good cholesterol) Needs to be greater than 40 for men and 50 for women. Your LDL (bad cholesterol) needs to be less than 100 or if you have suffered a stroke or heart attack or you are diabetic it needs to be below 70. Try not to eat things with trans fats or saturated fat. If you take medication to assist you in lowering your cholesterol. Always take as prescribed.
- Control you Blood Pressure. Have your blood pressure checked regularly. If you use machines that are available in many pharmacies, remember to sit up straight with both feet flat on the floor. Your arm on the table provided should be level with the apex or lower portion of your heart and you should breath evenly and do not talk. You want your blood pressure to be under 120 on the top (Systolic) and 80 on the bottom (diastolic).
- Control you Blood sugar. Your fasting blood glucose, if you are not diabetic should be under 100 mg/dl. Your Hgb A1c should be 6 or less. If you are diabetic take your medicine and monitor your sugar level as instructed by your physician.
- Remember to check on your neighbors and loved ones if they are alone. Time is important. There is a very short window of opportunity to receive the only medication that can stop, lessen or reverse the effects of a stroke. It has to be given before three hours of onset of symptoms or last known well.
2016 Stoke Symposium
Files for the 2016 Stroke Symposium at Mobile Infirmary can be downloaded below.